A water filter is a device that cleans water of pollutants. It accomplishes this through the use of a filter. Filters can either eliminate all impurities, such as microorganisms, or target specific types, like lead. There are numerous reasons to have the greatest water filter in your RO plant at home, and it is critical to be aware of all of them in order to choose the perfect one for your needs and budget.Filters come in a variety of shapes and sizes, each designed to remove different types of impurities. If you want to know what kind of filter you need, you should first study about the contaminants in your water before selecting one that can handle them.
Filters are used to filter pollutants out of your drinking water. They work by catching big particles and eliminating bacteria that are dangerous to humans. There are many different types of filters in the market, but not all of them work with all sorts of water. As a result, knowing what type of filter you require for your lifestyle and household is critical.
RO PLANT HAS FOLLOWING TYPES OF FILTERS:
1. RO FILTER:
The RO filter is the most important filter. To purify the water, this filter employs a multi-stage filtration mechanism. It works best when your water has a lot of pollutants and germs, because the filter's microscopic holes operate to filter out the organisms and other toxins.
RO water purifier advantages
- Dissolved solids, metal particles such as arsenic, fluoride, and lead are all removed by RO water filter. These RO water purifiers are also capable of removing disease-causing microbes such as bacteria and viruses from water. The dead bodies of germs are drained out, leaving cleansed water devoid of pathogens.
- By removing pollutants that cause unpleasant taste and odor, RO water purifier enhances the taste and odor of water.
- The RO water purifier is safe, affordable, and simple to maintain.
RO water purifier disadvantages
- The operation of a RO water purifier necessitates the use of power. It also necessitates the use of running water with a high water pressure.
- A RO water purifier generates a large amount of waste water. Germs, as well as any dissolved materials, are flushed down the drain with the wastewater.
2. UV FILTERS
They are also known as e-Boiling, are another filter that kills microorganisms by changing their DNA. Because microorganisms can replicate themselves, if the water contains microbes and is not properly treated, it can cause significant harm to human bodies.
UV water purifier advantages
- Low-cost maintenance. Once a year, or when it stops operating, replace the UV lamp.
- Purification rate is high. In less than a minute, a UV water purifier can supply 2 to 4 litres of filtered water.
- Energy consumption is minimal.
- There is a lot less manual cleaning. If you have a UV water purifier with a storage tank, you must clean it twice a week, but water purifiers without a storage tank require very little manual cleaning.
- It has no effect on the flavor of the water. No chemicals or semi-permissible membranes are used in the UV water purifier.
- UV protects vital minerals. The human necessary mineral contained in water is not removed or changed.
UV water purifier disadvantages
- The corpses of germs remain in cleaned water. Although a UV water purifier destroys bacteria, viruses, and other organisms that cause disease in water, their dead bodies remain in purified drinking water.
- Doesn't work on muddy, murky water. Undissolved Solids such as sand, mud, and other organic solid debris act as a barrier to UV light passing through the water.
- Hard water is not purified by UV water purifiers.
- Toxic substances are not removed by using a UV water purifier. Chemicals such as chlorine and fluoride are unaffected by UV light exposure.
3. UF FILTERS
These filters are comparable to RO membranes in many ways. The only distinction between the two is the size of the pores. The pores in UF filters are bigger. These aid in the removal of harmful germs and difficult-to-see colloidal particles. These filters are best used with water that has a low TDS level. As a result, the best time to utilize these filters is during the pre-filtering or post-filtering processes.
UF water purifier advantages
- It works without the use of power. Raw water was dumped into the upper storage tank, while purified water was collected in the bottom storage tank. There's no need to be concerned about water pressure.
- Working with low water pressure is a challenge.
- Chemicals are not used. To keep bacteria and viruses out, UF employs hollow membranes.
- Life expectancy of a log. Because the UF membrane traps bacteria, they are washed out during manual cleaning. UF membranes can be cleaned thousands of times before they need to be replaced.In ideal conditions, the UF membrane can last for 3 to 5 years.
UF water purifier disadvantages
- When using hard water, this product will not work. The dissolved particles that produce hardness in water are not removed by UF. Bore-well water with significant dissolved solids cannot be treated with UF. When using public water from lakes and rivers, it is recommended that you utilize a UF water purifier.
4. ACTIVATED CARBON FILTER
This filter aids in the treatment of soluble gases like chlorine, ammonium, carbon monoxide, and ammonia. In addition, it aids in the removal of leaves or algae. These filters, on the other hand, are useless when the water has a high TDS.
Activated Carbon's advantages
- Removes pesticides that cause sickness and harmful substances like chlorine.
- Heavy metal particles are removed.
- It gives water a pleasant odor and flavor.
- Activated carbon extends the life of the RO membrane by preventing chlorine and other particles from harming it.
Activated Carbon's disadvantages
- The dissolved ions that cause water hardness are not removed by activated carbon.
- Bacteria and viruses are not removed. The worst part is that poor maintenance encourages bacteria development on the Activated Carbon surface.