What can be the best septic tank for homeowners?
In India, homeowners have two options for waste disposal: a municipal sewage drainage line or a septic tank system.
According to census statistics on the “Availability and Type of Latrine Facility”, 22.2 percent of Indian homes utilize a septic tank. In rural regions, 14.7 percent of homes rely on septic tanks, but 38.2 percent of households in urban areas utilize a septic tank system to handle waste.
What occurs within the septic tank?
Many individuals are aware that domestic waste is disposed of in a septic tank. When wastewater from the bathroom, toilet, and kitchen sink enters the tank, millions and billions of beneficial bacteria break it down.
As a result, the solid substance sink to the bottom. Then it decomposes and generates a deep layer of sludge. Scum, which is made up of fats, oils, and grease, rises to the surface of the liquid and creates a layer. The liquid effluent from the sludge and scum separates and flows to the drain field.
It is critical not to disturb the equilibrium of naturally existing helpful bacteria in the septic system. Without appropriate bacterial performance, unprocessed waste in the form of human excreta and toilet paper would produce sludge build-up and the development of unpleasant odours.
Chemicals, bleaches, and anti-bacterial agents, among other things, may wreak havoc on the septic tank environment and impair its effectiveness. Flushing a large volume of water can also disrupt natural processes and dilute the bacterial community, so impairing the breakdown process.
Various septic tank treatments
1: Inorganic Acids or Alkalis - Inorganic Acids or Alkalis are powerful substances that can dissolve a blockage in a whisk. However, these harsh chemical-containing items might harm healthy microorganisms in the septic tank and disrupt digestion. Furthermore, the corrosive nature of such treatments is harmful to pipelines and tank walls.
2: Hydrogen Peroxide - According to recent research, hydrogen peroxide has no effect on the bacterial community in the septic tank system. However, it has several drawbacks. According to experts, hydrogen peroxide can change the soil content in the drain field, impairing its ability to filter and absorb wastewater.
3: Organic Solvents - While organic solvents are well-known for their ability to dissolve fats, oils, and grease in septic tanks, they also kill the live bacterial life.Furthermore, organic solvents leach into groundwater after exiting the septic tank, posing a risk to human health.
4: Biological Additives - A good septic tank should have enough beneficial bacteria to support the biological process that processes wastewater. However, the natural and healthy septic tank system environment is harmed as a result of poisonous substances and chemicals. This is when biological additions come in handy.
To improve the current bacteria or microorganisms in septic tanks, biological additives such as bacteria and enzymes are utilized.
It promotes bacterial development and aids in the breakdown of solid waste, scum, and even fibres in toilet paper. Furthermore, biological additions can extend the life of the septic tank and keep it running correctly for many years.It is a cost-effective strategy to incorporate in routine maintenance since it may restore the tank's natural equilibrium while avoiding mechanical pumping or repairs.
If your septic tank system has a history of backups or sludge building, additives maintain bacteria levels, which aid in waste breakdown and help your tank drain efficiently. Thus, bacterial additives are the only septic tank treatment that may improve septic system efficiency while not damaging the local bacterial population or the environment.
If you rely on a septic tank to manage waste on a daily basis, you must be cautious about its upkeep. Otherwise, it can lead to sludge build-up, overflows, backups, and an overall stinking problem. It is critical for good maintenance to use the best septic tank treatments on a continuous basis.