What is biodiversity in the environment? Why is it important?
Biodiversity has been a critical indicator in maintaining the health of an ecosystem. This is because when organisms interact with each other and build relationships, they essentially are involved in maintaining the balance on our Earth. For example, suppose certain species are affected by the climate. In that case, the other species may still adapt and help the ecosystem maintain life on Earth. The main idea behind this example is that a large population of species may still cope with the threats more than the smaller population of species.
Concept of biodiversity
Walter Rosen first coined the term biodiversity in 1985. It is one of the most important terms used to describe the variety of life forms on Earth. Life forms include all the Earth species such as plants, animals, birds, human beings, etc. Not only this, the different ecosystems and the genes in a single species are also included in biodiversity.
These all are essential to maintain life, health, and resilience in nature. The more biodiversity there is, the more secure life is. It is also believed that biodiversity is the foundation of Earth. All the living beings that live on this planet are interconnected and interdependent. They are involved in building complex and interconnected relationships that are known as ecosystems.
But do you know that day by day, the biodiversity of our planet Earth is declining at a rapid pace? The reason behind this is the rapid urbanization, industrialization, and population. Human beings are considered to be the center of biodiversity. We, as humans, have contributed so much to the exploitation of our natural resources that it has ultimately led to the loss of biodiversity and, essentially, ecosystems.
We need land to build our homes. We need woolen clothes to provide warmth to us in winters. But have we ever thought about how we derive all this? It is nature that gives us the resources. We cut down trees so that we can build homes for shelter. But we seldom took efforts to plant a tree in a day, month, or year. We rarely make efforts to look after and care for the animals that surround us. We have become so selfish for living a luxurious lifestyle that we are ultimately destroying the life of our planet.
Some species on the planet have become endangered, and some have become extinct. Some humans have encountered various respiratory health problems like asthma, influenza, etc. If there had been enough trees, there would have been less pollution. If you had used CNG fuels, there would be less pollution in the environment. All the organisms living on this planet would have lived a life of happiness and at least one of peace.
As one of the species of this planet, Earth, we have only demanded from nature and the ecosystem, but we have rarely made any efforts to give back to them. Suppose how you would feel if someone had exploited you in such a manner? How would you feel if someone had just cruelly treated you as you are now doing with our biodiversity? Think and you will get your answer.
Now you must be wondering why this biodiversity is so important. So, let us tell you the benefits of preserving biodiversity and our ecosystems.
Importance of Biodiversity
Biodiversity has multiple benefits. The importance can essentially be divided into three types. Three types are described here as follows:
1. Economic benefits: include food, air, water, agriculture, industry, and medicines. We derive our sustenance from plants and animals, water from the water bodies or groundwater, air from trees, treatments from various medicinal plants, etc.
2. Ecological benefits: The ecological benefits include the protection and management of soil and forests, conservation and purification of water, maintenance of hydrological cycle, etc.
3. Ethical benefits: The moral benefits include the interconnected relationship with the various varieties of forms of biodiversity. People relate cultural and spiritual feelings with lands, trees, and animals. For example, the tree peepal is considered to be holy, and people worship it. Similarly, the sacred river Ganga is adored by millions of people.
Now, you understand how important it is to maintain it. We hope that you will take steps to ensure that nothing in the environment gets exploited by you. Take your action, and the world will follow. Won’t you need followers similar to that of Instagram?
Netsol Wateris proud to be the leading wastewater plant manufacturer in India. We take immense pleasure in designing and manufacturing machines to save the Earth and its resources, especially water. We continuously strive to make our environment eco-friendly.
Our vision is to provide sustainable and affordable management solutions to cope up with the challenges of increasing urbanization, industrialization, and population growth. Our products are of high quality. We work to provide eco-conscious solutions that are reliable, cost-effective, and durable.
We have taken the step. But have you?
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