pH is referred to as the concentration of hydrogen ions in water. A lowerpH indicates that there are more hydrogen ions present in a solution, whereas a high pH refers to the fact that there are fewer hydrogen ions present in the water solution.
pH is a scale marked from 1 to 14 that helps measure the alkalinity and acidity of a given solution. If the scale comes out to be on mark 7, i.e. neutral, then that water is known as distilled water. bpHelow scale 7 indicates the solution's acidity, whereas pH above 7 indicates the alkalinity of the solution.
For instance, vinegar is considered to be acidic, whereas bleach to be highly alkaline. It is important to note that the pH scale applies only to water-based solutions. For safe drinking water, it is recommended that the pH of water is slightly between 6.5-8.5.
In wastewater treatment, pH plays an important role. Some of the problems that wastewater faces are high alkalinity, accumulation of toxic chemicals, and particulate matter. Whether treatment is physical, biological, and chemical, pH has a direct influence on wastewater treatment. It is such an important thing. Therefore, it becomes really necessary to treat the wastewater before leaving it in the water body or human body.
First of all, the impurities in the water are to be determined. After that, a proper treatment based on the impurities present is to be known. Then the proper chemicals required for its treatment are to be used so that the pH value of the wastewater remains in a stabilizing unit.
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